Advancing More, Better and Faster Financing for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Financial Mechanism and Resources

Articles 20 and 21 of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Article 28 of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and Article 25 of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization set out the framework of financing agenda under the Convention. The Memorandum of Understanding between the Conference of the Parties to the Convention and the Council of the Global Environment Facility, contained in decision III/8, provides legal basis for the relationship between the Convention and the Facility, including the role and responsibilities of each institution. The Conference of the Parties, supported by the Secretariat, keeps under review the implementation of financing provisions of these Articles and the agreement at its ordinary meetings.

Financial resources related to the implementation of this Convention may also be available through bilateral, regional and other multilateral channels (Article 20, paragraph 3. The Contracting Parties shall consider strengthening existing financial institutions to provide financial resources for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity (Article 21, paragraph 4. In this regard, monitoring of funding status and trends has been undertaken.

Entry point for submitting financial reports

Global Environment Facility

Green Climate Fund

Latest news


1 September 2017: The International Climate Initiative (IKI) funds activities also covering projects which focus on supporting the implementation of the Strategic Plan of CBD and its Aichi biodiversity targets. International projects which help to implement the CBD Strategic Plan 2011-2020 are financed through IKI’s funding area "Conserving Biological Diversity". This funding area is based on synergies between climate protection and biodiversity conservation. But these synergies also play an important role in the funding of mitigation and adaptation projects. The review of activities 2015 to 2016 can be downloaded on the IKI webpage: www.international-climate-initiative.com. The brochure “Committed to Biodiversity – Germany’s International Cooperation in Support of the Convention on Biological Diversity for Sustainable Development” covers Germany’s broad international engagement and summarizes how Germany and its partners all over the world are helping to preserve biological diversity.

31 July 2017: China’s Ecological compensation policy, a presentation at the Visit to the CBD Secretariat from China's National Development and Reform Commission. China aims to cover major ecosystems through its well developed ecocompensation program by 2020, and annual fund for eco-compensation from the central government amounts to RMB 150 billion, including RMB 15 billion/year for forests since 2001 (Forest Ecosystem Benefit Compensation Fund, and Conversion of Cropland to Forests Program); RMB 70 billion/year for major ecological functional zones since 2008 (Transfer Payments for National Major Ecological Functional Zones from the Central Government to Local Governments); RMB 18 billion/year for grasslands since 2011 (The Conversion of Rangeland to Grasslands Program, and The Reward-Compensation Mechanism for ecological conservation in pastoral regions); RMB 1 billion/year for wetlands since 2010; RMB 8.4 billion/year for watersheds since 2001; RMB 3.8 billion/year for oceans since 2010, as well as eco-compensations for desert, restrictive development regions, prohibited development regions and etc.

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme